why was the garden of versailles built

Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In fact, King Henry IV went hunting there with his son, King Louis XIII, and they stayed at local inns. Because he sought a world of pleasure and luxury in which he and his court could thrive, the Sun King chose the castle of his father, Louis XIII. The gardens at the Palace of Versailles, France, designed by André Le Nôtre. King Louis XIV, the Sun King, spent nearly 50 years expanding the palace, and in1682, he moved both the royal residence and French seat of government to Versailles. She then commissioned a "hamlet" consisting in a faux-village — representing, perhaps, the comforting ordinariness of commoner life — and an artificial lake. The landscape artist’s task was to create a perfect visual harmony. He was the most important monarch in Europe. Before becoming today’s vast domain made up of parks and gardens, Versailles was the hunting grounds for the young Louis XIII and his father, King Henry IV, where a hunting pavilion and later a palace were built. A humble gardener without specialized training, Le Nôtre designed and conceived a series of gardens, groves, and parks for the palace and its domaine. Escape the guillotine and head to the Hall of Mirrors to reflect on these 44 decadent facts about the Palace of Versailles. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The carefully chosen subject matter of the decoration mixes allegory with great figures of Christianity. André Le Nôtre, the King’s gardener, was the man behind the famous gardens of Versailles. The four evangelists rub shoulders with the twelve apostles, the four Fathers of the Latin Church, the four Fathers of the Greek Church and During Louis XIV’s tenure at Versailles, Venetian gondolas traversed the Grand Canal, and modern visitors to the palace can ply the same waters in small rowboats. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. And while the palace continues to fascinate for its vastness, excessive decoration, and curious coldness, it is the gardens that speak most profoundly to visitors. After ascending to the throne in 1610, … The waters of the plateau between Versailles and Rambouillet were eventually collected and carried by channels to the gardens, the soil of which covers innumerable pipes, vaults, and aqueducts. It became the palace of Louis XIV, the The main attraction of this UNESCO site is the Palace of Versailles, also known as Chateau de Versailles. Two achievements, the Embroidery parterres and the Grand Canal, have made the name Le Nôtre go down in history. For Louis XIII, the place was not only a refuge where he could enjoy hunting but a place where he could get away from the authority of his mother, Marie de Medici, who would guarantee his ascension to the throne. (think about the Tuilerie gardens, the Luxembourg gardens, Vaux le Vicomte gardens, Saint Cloud gardens…). The Gobelins founderies also provided door handles, casement bolts, and decorative elements for gates. Louis XIII built a hunting lodge at the village of Versailles outside of Paris in 1624. Palace of Versailles: The Palace of Versailles, is an enormous building that was the home of the French royal family for many years. Today, it's a symbol of extravagance and wealth, but as all great buildings do, the Palace of Versailles has (relatively) humble beginnings. Other groves include the Colonnade, the King’s Grove, the Grove of Apollo’s Baths, and the Enceladus Fountain. Although Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Minister of Finance, wanted to demolish everything, the young King preferred to integrate the old building with the new. Every detail of its construction was intended to glorify the king. Many fixtures are made of marble, and gardens enhance the landscapes of the region. To emphasize the power of the monarchy, the garden had to be grandiose, something which was emphasized even more at the Palace of Versailles. Used in many of the statues both in the buildings and the gardens, it was also frequently used in the manufacturing of pipes and dials regulating the flow from the foutains. He handed over the task of landscaping and the garden around the Palace to French landscape architect called André Le Nôtre. Before becoming today’s vast domain made up of parks and gardens, Versailles was the hunting grounds for the young Louis XIII and his father, King Henry IV, where a hunting pavilion and later a palace were built. Indeed, thanks to a series of flat parterres the gardens unveil themselves with every step. Annual spectacles and nightly attractions held in the palace gardens include son et lumière, Grandes Eaux, and an assortment of live music performances. Those that currently exist at Versailles are reconstructed ones that date from the 1920s and are therefore not entirely faithful to the originals. It was a smaller residence in the gardens of Versailles, built by Louis XIV, for the royal family during the summer. His work, skilfully ordered and composed, inspired many others. The palace that was built for him at Versailles, outside Paris, became the model for palaces throughout the continent. Versailles before Louis XIV. This type of garden is geometric in nature and traces symmetric, arabesque lawns in front of buildings. The crescent-shaped fountain is remarkable for its fine sculptures and the enormous volume of water projected by its 99 jets. There really was a King of France named Louis XIV who built an impressive palace in the Paris suburb of Versailles and surrounded it with spectacular gardens which included an outdoor ballroom, but he didn't look like Hans Gruber from "Die Hard" and young Rose from "Titanic" was not involved. It’s thanks to anamorphose and the use of distorted imagery that the Grand Canal still provides an astonishing visual harmony without equal. Chateau de Versailles Garden Guide. It represents the finest example of a “French garden.” Jardins de Vaux le Vicomte, created by Le Nôtre. These works of art are also a paradise representative of the ambitions of Louis XIV when he was a young king. Vast sums of money were spent and many lives were lost in an attempt to bring water from the Eure, but work was stopped as a result of the War of the Grand Alliance. But was Versailles all boundless gardens and champagne? Bedroom in the Louis XIV style, Grand Trianon, Palace of Versailles, France. Versailles was the royal residence of France for little more than a century (from 1682 until 1789) when the French Revolution began. Beyond the present park (but within the grounds at the time of Louis XIV) are two smaller châteaux known as the Trianons. As a result, as the visitor advances so does the landscape reveal itself slowly but surely, much like the succession of theatre scenes that end up creating a complete story. What was "Le Hameau de la reine?" Because of the scarcity of water at Versailles, elaborate waterworks were constructed at Marly-le-Roi to tap the Seine, but part of the supply thus obtained was diverted to the newly erected royal château at Marly. The Versailles is a town and château in France, 20 km southwest of Paris. This showed the other rulers of his greatness and of how he had absolute power in … At the time, this technical prowess was the result of a slow-motion optical perspective that initially provides onlookers with the impression that the canal is much larger than it really is. In reality, however, it’s nearly impossible to see the Versailles domaine all at once, a fact which bears witness to the talent of Le Nôtre. Eight years later, Louis obtained the seigneury of Versailles from the Gondi family and began to make enlargements to the château. Completed in 1762, it was later a favourite residence of Marie-Antoinette, who had a garden laid out in the English style, with rustic villas in which the ladies of the court could mimic peasant life. The scale is monumental and there is little sense of enclosure. Louis XV, after establishing a botanic garden, commissioned Ange-Jacques Gabriel to build the Petit Trianon for the comtesse du Barry. Napoleon restored the châteaux and used them for official business and as a resort for his second wife, Marie-Louise. Chateau de Versailles (Palace of Versailles) represented everything supporters of the French Revolution wanted to destroy. Designed by Philibert Le Roy, the structure, a small château, was constructed of stone and red brick, with a based roof. Falls away on every side from a terrace adorned with ornamental basins, statues, and thoughtfully planned paths monarchs. Lies the Neptune Fountain, designed by Le Nôtre and sculpted by Gaspard and Balthazard Marsy gardens, the ’., Grand Trianon, Palace of Versailles by André Le Nôtre, perhaps the most powerful kingdom Europe. Versailles by André Le Nôtre the most famous and influential landscape architect called André Le Nôtre go down in.! 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