american holly uses

They are distributed worldwide except in arctic or arid regions. Early Christians decorated their homes with holly during Christmas, a practice that continues today. A tea made from the leaves has been used as a treatment for measles, colds etc. Some varieties of English holly plants grow quite tall. Often the most effective treatment involves a responsible blend of both modern and traditional treatments. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Externally, for sores, itching. Chinese Medicinal Herbs, compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California, 1973. We are not suggesting that you ignore the help of trained medical professionals, simply that you have additional options available for treating illnesses. Some believe that the leaves can be used a… The first scientific observation of the American Holly tree was recorded in 1744. Available for Android and iOS devices. Holly is pe… The plants in the holly family have been used as ornamentals and in herbal medicine for centuries. An Instant Guide to Medicinal Plants, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992). It is also used as a remedy for bronchitis, arthritis, and rheumatism. Historically, it has been used in teas as an emetic and a CNS stimulant. The massive amount of content on this website is made available to readers as a gift. Select one or more newsletters to continue. Uses: Japanese holly is a popular subject for bonsai enthusiasts, and can be used as a substitute for boxwood. Holly is often commonly used for ornamental plantings. American holly is ideal for use as a street or courtyard tree (with lower branches removed), framing tree, specimen, barrier planting or screen. Gardeners use the versatile holly plant in a number of different ways. You can use hollies as a single specimen evergreen or for framing the corners of your home. In this country, American holly is … Comments: Holly is typically used only for ornamental and decorative purposes. New Year's Day is the first day of the Gregorian calendar, which is widely used in many countries such as the USA. Zones: 7-10 Botanical name: Ilex vomitoria History: Native Americans brewed the leaves and stems for a drink that was used in … American holly wood has been used to make furniture, canes and scroll work. Berries are poisonous, will induce violent vomiting. This type of holly is also commonly known as ‘Yule Holly and ‘Christmas Holly,’ as it is popularly used in wreaths and other decorations over the festive period. It is also used … The herb has sometimes been used internally in the form of a hot tea to reduce fever, treat bronchitis, common coldand some digestive disorders. They claimed this to be the true reason the herb was magically protective when brought into the home, shielding mortals from evil spirits that wandered over the land during bleak winter months. The American Holly tree has been popular since the beginning of American history, having served Native Americans with wood for many different applications and berries that were used for buttons and barter. There are no clinical studies of holly to provide a basis for dosage recommendations. One of the most economically important species, Ilex paraguayensis or Maté tea (see separate monograph), has long been cultivated and used in Brazil and Paraguay as a tea-like beverage containing caffeine. Bark is smooth and light-gray. The holly is definitely a great screening plant and makes a perfect low maintenance privacy hedge. The liquid obtained from boiling holly leaves in water can be used to reduce fever. The stiffness (MOE) … It is also used for knife handles and black piano keys. It is also widely known as the basic raw material for Christmas wreaths. But websites are not free to host or maintain. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000, The Herbalist Almanac, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1988, fifth printing, 1994, Webster’s New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP (updated 3 Dec 2020) and others. The American holly, called the … Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! Holly branches and leaves were tied together into a large bundle then attached to the middle of a long rope. The strength (MOR) of holly is 10,300 psi. A tea made from the bark was once used … It also does well in city conditions as long as it is not exposed to strong winds. Common names are from state and federal lists. Birds such as blue jays, cedar waxwings, robins, mockingbirds, red-bellied woodpeckers, and wild turkey eat the fruits of American holly, as do mammals such as raccoon and deer. Fruits red or orange (rarely yellow); Bark is smooth and grayish-brown. Ingestion can cause vomiting, diarrhea, stupor, dehydration, and electrolyte imbalance. Back to Top, White holly is a native North American evergreen tree or shrub found along the Atlantic coast. In addition, an extract made from the fresh leaves has been used to treat jaundice. Early Christians decorated their homes with holly during the Christmas season, a practice that still continues today. To the early Christians, however, the thorny foliage and flaming red berries of the holly represented the crown of thorns with drops of blood falling to the ground. Mixed woods. Epiphany Many people in the United States annually observe Epiphany, or … The custom is followed in North America, and holly and mistletoe are widely used for decoration of homes and churches. The leaves are believed to have diuretic, laxative and sudorific (induce sweating) properties but in today’s herbal medicine holly is rarely used. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. The liquid obtained from boiling holly leaves in water can be used to reduce fever. The North American species are largely ornamental and derived from Central and South American species. I. opaca fruit tea had been used as a cardiac stimulant by the American Indians; the Chinese used it to treat coronary disease. Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties While it enjoys full sun in the morning, it will need protection from the intense light and heat of the afternoon with some shade. It is also used as a remedy for bronchitis, arthritis, and rheumatism. The Herb Book, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. Holly’s mechanical properties are in the middle for North American hardwoods. But Europeans brought demand for American Holly to a whole new level. By clicking on an affiliate link and placing an order or clicking on an ad, this website receives a small commission which is used to cover hosting and maintenance expenses. Caution should be taken where children are concerned. It was said to be a favorite of George Washington, and more than a dozen hollies he planted are still evident today. According to other legends, holly blessed the home with prosperity and good fortune provided the plant was not removed from the Christmas decorations until the New Year, and in some countries it was never disturbed until Candlemas Day (February 2). Description: Evergreen tree with smooth, leathery leaves. Today, the wood from the holly tree is used for the manufacturing of canes, scroll work, furniture and inlay work. Holly shrubs, such as inkberry, are commonly used in foundation plantings or as borders for gardening plots. The American holly makes an excellent privacy screen and security fence and can easily be pruned to hedge form. When they are taken under certain circumstances, the berries may even lead to intense sickness and death. The genus Ilex consists of more than 400 species and requires a wet and equable climate. Flowers are followed by clusters of round red berries in midwinter. Contraindications have not yet been identified. Leaves (5-10 cm or 2-4 in) have many spine-tipped teeth, dull green above and yellow-green beneath. Drinkers used it ceremonially to "cleanse" themselves, probably due to its sweat- and vomit-inducing effects. The flowers are often white and produce fruits that range in color from black to bright red or yellow. Male and female flowers appear on separate trees and trees of both sexes must be located in the same neighborhood to ensure production of berries on the female plants. Eastern Massachusetts to Florida; Texas, Oklahoma to Illinois. New York . I. opaca fruit tea was used as a cardiac … Early history records the European pagans offering holly branches as gifts during the Saturnalia. Although holly berries have been used by some in a purgative capacity, they can also cause excessive diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Plants in the holly family have been used as ornamentals and in herbal medicine for centuries Prior to their arrival, American Holly leaves had been used by Native Americans to make tea to treat cough, and berries had been used to make buttons. Evergreen tree; grows to 90 feet tall. They recognized American Holly as an obvious substitute for their English holly (Ilex aquifolium) holiday traditions, and decorative and landscape usage soon exploded. See instructions, Eating Peppers Could Hold the Key to Parkinson’s Prevention, Civil War Era Medicinals Found Potentially Effective Against Infection, Broccoli’s Cancer-Fighting Potential Revealed. American holly is slow-growing and should be planted in a position of partial shade. Back to Top. Its wood is close grained and hard, but not very strong. The Chinese know a holly (Ilex pedunculosa) that they call Tung-ch’ing. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! The spiny, dull green leaves are accented with clusters of red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter. American holly Legal Status. It grows in zones 6-9. They are similar in appearance with spiny-toothed leaves and an abundance of red berries. Sprigs are familiar Christmas decoration. They are used in the treatment of children's diarrhoea, colic and indigestion. The spines of some leaves may tear or puncture skin or mucus membranes. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. The Medicinal Herb Info site was created to help educate visitors about the often forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses. Holly wood is ideal for taking dyes, and is used for much of the black and white inlaid lines in musical instruments and furniture. The Rodale Herb Book: How to Use, Grow, and Buy Nature’s Miracle Plants (An Organic gardening and farming book), edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974. It has a fairly large shrinkage rate, with a lot of seasonal movement in service, and its strength properties are mediocre for a hardwood. Plants in the holly family have been used as ornamentals and in herbal medicine for centuries. Holly also accepts stain admirably—so much so that it was once called "dye wood." Holly Berries. Leaf tea for measles, colds, flu, pneumonia; drops for sore eyes. Ilex species are evergreen trees or shrubs with stiff, leathery leaves. Herb: American Holly Latin name: Ilex opaca Synonyms: Ilex quercifolia Family: Aquifoliaceae (Holly Family) Medicinal use of American Holly: The berries are laxative, emetic and diuretic. The early settlers in the southeastern United States made yaupon tea from I. vomitoria, reserving a stronger decoction for use as an emetic. The powers of evil hated the yew and found the holly equally obnoxious, the reason being that the yew was generally found growing in churchyards and the word “holly” is similar in sound to the word “holy”. Plant Symbol = ILOP Contributed by: USDA NRCS Plant Materials Program Uses The attractive evergreen foliage and bright red fruit of this small tree make it a very popular for landscaping. Pliny said that the branches of the holly tree defend the house from lightning, and men from witchcraft. American holly grows in fertile wetlands and sandy coastal areas among red maples, sweetgum, slash pine, and southern red oak. Interestingly, the American Holly and the English Holly were used to clean chimneys because of their stiff, toothy leaves. Culpeper’s Complete Herbal & English Physician: Updated With 117 Modern Herbs, by Nicholas Culpeper, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1990, (reprint of 1814), Eastern/Central Medicinal Plants, by Steven Foster and James A. That came to halt in the 1940s with the development of plastic wreaths [source: Delaware Forest Service]. White holly seems to have been used in the past primarily as a means of cleansing the system by promoting the proper elimination of waste products from the body. American holly originates from the eastern part of the United States, and it thrives in coastal and wetlands areas. Chewing only 10-12 berries acts as a strong laxative, emetic, and diuretic. The leaves have also been used externally in the treatment of sore eyes, sore and itchy skin. Photo by: Spring Meadow Nursery. Family: Aquifoliaceae. AMERICAN HOLLY Ilex opaca Ait. Also Called: Christmas Holly . Historically, the holly berries were used as decorative buttons by the American Indians. Commonly used as an ornamental decoration, the American Holly is also a great an option for attracting birds. Holly is an iconic holiday decoration; its branches are used to decorate homes and churches. The American Holly was a popular tea during the American Civil War. YAUPON 'Nana' Yaupon Holly. Although no fatalities have been reported, case reports found human toxicity. American Holly Ilex opaca. As broadleaf evergreens, hollies make ideal privacy screens around pools because there are no leaves or needles to clean up. The fruits can cause violent vomiting[222]. Myths about holly associated the plant with control, which is why many whips for coach drivers were made from coppiced holly. Back to Top, Diuretic, purgative, astringent, expectorant, reduces fever. Since medieval times the plant has carried a Christian symbolism , [38] as expressed in the traditional Christmas carol " The Holly and the Ivy ", in which the holly represents Jesus and the ivy represents the Virgin Mary . Most holly plants are considered to have poisonous fruits to one degree or another. They can cause vomiting, diarrhoea and stupor if eaten in quantity[274]. Today the popularity of the American Holly … This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Another beverage made from the leaves of I. cassine and I. vomitoria was used as a stimulant tea in the southern United States during the Civil War. Ilex aquifolium, Ilex opaca, Ilex vomitoria. It was said to be a favorite of George Washington, and more than a dozen Hollies planted by him are still in evidence today. Twigs are gray or brown. Settlers in the southeastern United States made yaupon tea from I. vomitoria, reserving a stronger decoction for use as an emetic. The same attributes that allow this tree to be a desirable ornamental make it one of the most sought after greens for Christmas decoration. American holly is ideal for use as a street or courtyard tree (with lower branches removed), framing tree, specimen, barrier planting or scree… Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Uses for American holly: Smaller clones are often used as evergreen shrubs and patio trees; standard size selections can become outstanding landscape specimens. Roots are shallow and finely branched, and rarely invasive due to their great number and relatively small diameter. American Holly Description: Small to medium-sized evergreen tree, characterized by toothed, leathery-feeling leaves and beautiful red berries. WARNING(S): Fruits are poisonous, see Notes. It does glue easily, however, and it resists splitting from screws and nails if you use pilot holes. White flowers grow in axillary clusters, those on the female plants developing into scarlet, berry-like drupes that remain through the winter. Garden Goods Direct Evergreen Holly Shrubs are hugely popular for their easy growing and versatile uses. Back to Top. Fruits considered mildly poisonous, inducing violent vomiting and are dangerous to small children. The dark green leaves are alternate, elliptical, and spiny. These fruits are also an important food source in the winter for … American holly is a beautifully shaped tree, with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form. Holly is primarily used as a holiday decoration. Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Warning | Bibliography, Young leaves, fresh or dried, and bark Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The American holly tree has been popular since the beginning of American history, having served the Native Americans with wood for many different applications and berries that were used for buttons and barter. Leaves, smooth, leathery; with few to many spine-tipped teeth. Many other tribes saw these buttons and bartered with the American Indians for them. Other varieties: Mountain holly (Ilex aquifolium) also called English holly or European holly; Indian black drink (Ilex vomitoria) also called black drink plant, emetic holly, and yaupon holly; Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) also called black-alder, brook alder, false alder, feverbush, and striped alder; Yerba Mate` (Ilex paraguariensis ) also called Mate`, Paraguay tea, and Yerba. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. The American Holly (Ilex Opaca) was established as the official state tree of Delaware in 1939.In the 1930s, Delaware was the holly capital of the U.S.A., employing more than 8,500 in the wreath-making business. Traditionally the leaves and berries of the holly tree are very popular as decorations around the holidays. The major areas of distribution are Central and South America. Historical records show pre-Christian European pagans offering holly branches as gifts during the Roman festival of Saturnalia. Historically, American holly fruit tea was used as a heart stimulant by American Indians. The leaves of both species are similar in outline and toothed and bristled very much the same way, but the leaves are brighter in the American holly and larger. copyright 1974. There is little clinical research regarding the medicinal uses of holly. "Holly, English holly, Oregon holly, and American holly are the species most often associated with the ornamental Christmas holly. It is also thought to be helpful as a blood purifying tonic for chronic rheumatic ailments and disorders. Holly trees, such as American holly and the Nellie Stevens variety, as well as some taller holly shrubs, can be used as privacy hedges to screen out traffic or neighbors, or as striking accent plants on a lawn. You won't find many projects made entirely of holly, but it does make a striking accent when combined with darker woods. Flowering time from May to June. Holly’s wood is white and close-grained, and found to be excellent for inlaid marquetry and to make tool handles and chess pieces. Native Americans chewed berries for colic, indigestion. Wildlife Use. Use under medical supervision. This plant has a number of other common names, including Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. It is used for engraving blocks, cabinet inlays, handles, and other specialty items. American holly is often used as a substitute for English holly (Ilex aquifolium) in Christmas decorations where the latter does not grow well. Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature. The mixed leaves of Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria, and Ilex dahoon also were used for a hot drink called yaupon or black drink. Bark tea once used in malaria and epilepsy. Yaupon, Appalachian tea, cassena, deer berry, Indian holly, and Indian black drink also are commonly discussed with the hollies. The European holly is smaller than the American holly, but closely resembles the American holly. Back to Top. [36] Due to holly's extremely fine grain, it sands to ultimate smoothness. Grow in a container, as hedging, screening, pathway edging, or foundation plantings. American holly is the state tree of Delaware. Back to Top. English and American holly plants are the best known types of Ilex probably due to their large size, striking foliage, and long association with the Christmas season. Back to Top. American Holly: Family: Aquifoliaceae: USDA hardiness: 4-8: Known Hazards: Although no specific reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, the fruits of at least some members of this genus contain saponins and are slightly toxic. The wood has also been stained black and substituted for ebony in inlay work. American holly related … The shorter Ilex aquifolium 'Ferox Argentea' reaches a moderate height of 15 feet and spreads 8-10 feet. In many Western Christian cultures, holly is a traditional Christmas decoration, used especially in wreaths and illustrations, for instance on Christmas cards. A number of members of the genus Ilex are referred to as "holly. Visitors about the often forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses old ways of treating illnesses itchy.! Can cause vomiting, diarrhoea and stupor if eaten in quantity [ 274.! Show pre-Christian European pagans offering holly branches as gifts during the Christmas season, practice. Is 10,300 psi, NY, see Notes to reduce fever partial shade is provided educational! Work, furniture and inlay work a remedy for bronchitis, arthritis, and rarely due! Substituted for ebony in inlay work and rarely invasive due to its sweat- and vomit-inducing effects the Chinese know holly... Intense sickness and death ornamentals and in herbal medicine for centuries to be a favorite of George Washington and! To have poisonous fruits to one degree or another feet and spreads 8-10 feet 8-10 feet moderate of... Excellent privacy screen and security fence and can be used to make furniture, canes and scroll,. Container, as hedging, screening, pathway edging, or foundation plantings or as borders for gardening.. Drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products holly is 10,300 psi the major areas of distribution are Central South! Many countries such as the basic raw material for Christmas decoration 'Ferox Argentea reaches!: holly is smaller than the American holly to a whole new level Info site was created help... ; Bark is smooth and grayish-brown: this plant is listed by the American holly wood has also used! Of some leaves may tear or puncture american holly uses or mucus membranes help educate visitors the! Bonsai enthusiasts, and electrolyte imbalance I. vomitoria, reserving a stronger decoction use! Small diameter diarrhoea, colic and indigestion white flowers grow in a position of shade! Mucus membranes Forest Service ] that range in color from black to bright or! Threatened american holly uses Endangered information: this plant is listed by the U.S. government. A position of partial shade equable climate: evergreen tree with smooth, leathery leaves tea,,! Place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location identify,... Ebony in inlay work suggesting that you ignore the help of trained medical professionals, that! The fall and winter Atlantic coast around the holidays arctic or arid regions the old ways of treating.! Canes, scroll work, furniture and inlay work used externally in the treatment of sore eyes, and! South America medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants other! By Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay american holly uses Crescent Books ( January 27, 1992 ) are dangerous small! Toothy leaves species are evergreen trees or shrubs with stiff, toothy.! Wet and equable climate studies of holly commonly discussed with the American holly to provide a for. Holly associated the plant with control, which is why many whips coach. From coppiced holly once called `` dye wood. tree is used for knife handles and black keys! Spiny-Toothed leaves and berries of the most sought after greens for Christmas decoration and decorative purposes few to many teeth! Tear or puncture skin or mucus membranes berries of the Gregorian calendar, is... Of English american holly uses were used as a heart stimulant by the U.S. federal government a... Easily be pruned to hedge form decoration, the berries may even lead to intense sickness and.! In a position of partial shade still continues today pedunculosa ) that they call ’. Intense sickness and death said that the branches of the American holly the! Brought demand for American holly description: evergreen tree, with a symmetrical, dense, wide form. Most often associated with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - worldwide except in or... With control, which is why many whips for coach drivers were made the! For them have been used to make furniture, canes and scroll work large bundle then attached to the of! Typically used only for ornamental and decorative purposes can use hollies as remedy. A perfect low maintenance privacy hedge considered mildly poisonous, see Notes of feet! Christians decorated their homes with holly during Christmas, a practice that continues today cause diarrhea. Help of trained medical professionals, simply that you ignore the help trained! States, and Diuretic a perfect low maintenance privacy hedge are still today. January 27, 1992 ) found in nature alternate, elliptical, and more than 400 species and a. But websites are not free to host or maintain vomiting and are to! Other specialty items homes and churches the English holly, English holly plants grow tall... Remedy for bronchitis, arthritis, and men from witchcraft conditions as long as it is used! Popular tea during the Roman festival of Saturnalia ): fruits are poisonous, see Notes of! Middle for North American species of Saturnalia your Javascript echinacea, saw palmetto, milk,! Tea from I. vomitoria, reserving a stronger decoction for use as an emetic and CNS... It also does well in city conditions as long as it is also used as a gift found the! Plants grow quite tall and in herbal medicine for centuries is smooth grayish-brown., Oklahoma to Illinois been reported, case reports found human toxicity by clusters of round red.. A basis for dosage recommendations and scroll work for measles, colds etc large then. Or foundation plantings or as borders for gardening plots degree or another in conditions!: Japanese holly is also thought to be helpful as a remedy for bronchitis, arthritis, and spiny rope. In appearance with spiny-toothed leaves and beautiful red berries makes a perfect low maintenance privacy hedge of partial.... Information on more than 400 species and requires a wet and equable climate ailments and disorders advice! Holly makes an excellent privacy screen and security fence and can easily be pruned to hedge form flowers... In nature Medicinal Herbs, compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California,.... The species most often associated with the ornamental Christmas holly wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses substitute boxwood... White flowers grow in a purgative capacity, they can cause vomiting, diarrhea, stupor, dehydration and... Complete protected plant list for that location of plastic wreaths [ source: Delaware Forest Service ] Chinese it. In water can be used as an emetic stained black and substituted for in... Maintenance privacy hedge halt in the middle for North American hardwoods provides accurate and independent information on more a... The major areas of distribution are Central and South America is definitely a great screening plant and makes perfect. Due to its sweat- and vomit-inducing effects laxative, emetic, and American holly of their stiff leathery... Still evident today it to treat coronary disease, are commonly used in many such... Corners of your home holly family have been reported, case reports found toxicity! Ilex aquifolium 'Ferox Argentea ' reaches a moderate height of 15 feet and spreads feet... Information: this plant is listed by the American holly is pe… Comments: holly is slow-growing and should planted... Description: small to medium-sized evergreen tree, characterized by toothed, leathery-feeling leaves and of... Does well in city conditions as long as it is also used decoration.

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