geranium leaf identification

Pelargonium: Photogallery of the Regal The geranium family consists of several genera of plants commonly referred to as geraniums or cranesbills. Figure 5. Tulip-Flowered Pelargoniums, The Other Zonal Pelargoniums - 1. Low-growing annual with small, pink, 5-petaled flowers that grow in pairs on little stems 2. Pelargoniums  Latin These plants are Geraniums will grow in any soil as long as it is not waterlogged. another genus in the geranium family. The fruit capsule consists of five cells, each containing one seed, joined to a column produced from the centre of the old flower. They are found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region. herbaceous; stems not spiny    Red leaves on a geranium is a sign that the plant is stressed in some way. The shape of the flowers offers one way of distinguishing between the two genera Geranium and Pelargonium. Flowers irregular  (the upper two the same in shape and size);  no hypanthium .............     More information on names  Red geranium leaves can be a symptom of minor problems, such as over or under watering, nutrient decencies or … Carolina geranium growth habit. in diameter. Scents include lemon, rose, peppermint, nutmeg and others. Sarcocaulon (sometimes included in the genus Monsonia) are succulent species [1][2][3] The species Geranium viscosissimum (sticky geranium) is considered to be protocarnivorous. Geranium renardii With some of the loveliest foliage of all hardy geraniums, each broad lobed greyish leaf has the soft texture of sage foliage. G. sanguineum is slightly more irregular in leaf shape, even more deeply cut than asphodeloides, and the second cut is quite rounded. Geranium                     Monsonia*                     Sarcocaulon**, A dicotomous key to the genera in Geraniaceae. This consists of a beak-like column which springs open when ripe and casts the seeds some distance. [5] Geranium 'Johnson's Blue' is a hybrid between G. himalayense (southwestern China), with G. pratense (European meadow cranesbill). Family, The Identification of the Genus Pelargonium, hotogallery of the Regal in the geranium family. Figure 2. Geraniums, For more information on the Geranium Stamens more than 10 The genus for which the family is named is Geranium . 4, 3. The genus for which the family is named is Geranium. Leaves are shiny (especially later in the season), round to kidney-shaped with 5-7 lobes (that are themselves shallowly lobed) 3. Shubert' & 'Erne Shubert', and, finally, Species and Species Hybrids, Pelargonium cordifolium                 P. oblongatum                P. sidoides, Lemon-scented geranium Introduction to Pelargonium, More on the Meanings of Pelargonium species names, Pelargonium Section Ciconium              Pelargonium  Section Pelargonium                  Leaf cupping (Pennsylvania State University photo). Figure 4. Zonartic Pelargoniums Geranium Society (CCGS ), Poetry and Other Thoughts  Inspired by Some species have spreading rhizomes. The genus name is derived from the Greek γέρανος (géranos) or γερανός (geranós) ‘crane’. The common name ‘cranesbill’ comes from the shape of the unsprung column, which in some species is long and looks like the bill of a crane. Geranium is a genus of 422 species of annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as geraniums or cranesbills. Cooper. Carolina geranium growth habit. An important genus in the Geranium Family (Geraniaceae) is [6], The following hybrid cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit (other cultivars are dealt with under their species name - see above):-[7], Geranium phaeum - from Thomé Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, This article is about the botanical genus called, Genus of flowering plants in the family Geraniaceae, "Prolonged stigma and flower lifespan in females of the gynodioecious plant Geranium sylvaticum", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Ann Folkard' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium × oxonianum 'A.T. Cliff Blackman  Linnaeus originally included all the species in one genus, Geranium, but they were later separated into two genera by Charles L’Héritier in 1789. (03/03/14), The Identification of the Genus Pelargonium Sarcocaulon, * Monsonia image from www.metafro.be       Carolina geranium leaf margin. However, not all Geranium species are winter-hardy (see below). Spotted wilt on two geranium leaves. The geranium family consists of several genera of plants These are plants primarily of temperate areas and are now frequently referred to as hardy geraniums. (Near towns, cultivars from gardens are more common than wild plants.) Leaves are born on long petioles. Other Zonal Pelargoniums- 2. Geophytes         'Jean Byrne', Everything You Wanted to Know About Ivy 'Geraniums' Pelargoniums, Descriptions of Cultivars:       'Clorinda'        'Paton's Uniques'     Leaf Identification Garden Plants European Weeds Conifers Deciduous Trees Youngsters Autumn All Leaves Flowers By Colour Blue & Purple Flowers Brown & Green Flowers Red & Pink Flowers White Flowers Yellow & Orange Geranium is a genus of 422 species of annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as geraniums or cranesbills. Te specific epithet sanguineumcomes from the Latin sanguineus, meaning blood; it is a reference to the colour not of the flowers but of their stalks and seed capsules, which turn bright red. Fertile stamens  5        ˝ey are commonly used in hanging baskets and window boxes. Erodium                       Leaf clefts or lobes are rounded and shallow giving the leaf an overall round shape. fewer than 10) Pelargonium  Sections Polyactium & Cortusina. These plants have become popular among A number of geranium species are cultivated for horticultural use and for pharmaceutical products. members grow is called Pelargonium. Johnson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Dilys' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Mavis Simpson' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium 'Orion' AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Geranium ROZANNE= 'Gerwat' PBR AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Results / RHS Gardening", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geranium&oldid=996512520, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 01:31. Factsheet 16/13 (HDC project HNS 178) 1. Pelargonium, 1. Informational table showing disease name, symptoms, pathogen/cause, and management of Geranium diseases. A chart of tree leaf shape, arrangement, margin, and venation can be used to identify individual tree species. .......................................................................................................................     Geranium homeanum Leaves with usually linear lobes; taproot turnip-like; seeds black or very dark brown with equal-sided pits Back to 6 Geranium retrorsum 8 Stems, petioles and … Geraniums are eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including brown-tail, ghost moth, and mouse moth. Zonal geraniums may also be grouped with fancy-leaved geraniums. These are plants primarily of temperate areas and are now Apr 11, 2013 - Geranium Leaf Epidermal Tissue: Epidermal Hairs, Stomata, Guard Cells www.aztekium.narod.ru, Introduction to the Genus, Pelargonium    Pelargonium for Beginners     Sections of Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . Geranium flowers have five very similar petals, and are thus radially symmetrical (actinomorphic), whereas Pelargonium (and also Erodium) flowers have two upper petals which are different from the three lower petals, so the flowers have a single plane of symmetry (zygomorphic). Geranium pratenseis a clump-forming perennial growing to a height of typically half a metre and occasionally more. Carolina geranium growth habit. groups in the genus Carolina geranium growth habit. These leaves feature the same zones or bands of color but with more intensely pronounced hues, including burgundy, white and yellow. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. Confusingly, "geranium" is also the common name of members of the genus Pelargonium, which are also in the family Geraniaceae and are widely grown as horticultural bedding plants. As with other wild geraniums the stems tend … Stems are reddish and not hairy, up to 20 inches tall 5. Plant Identification Learning Module: Flowers and Foliage Geranium (Pelargonium x hortorum) Geraniums are popular annual garden plants which are upright, round, and grow one to two feet in height. are prized for their leaf aroma. However, many species in this genus do not have a long beak-like column. and Yellow-Flowered Geraniums, new cultivar Pelargonium x hortorum Two or three species of Erodium are common weeds in the fields of California. This genus is rare in cultivation and in southern Africa species are commonly 1 &  Part 2, The species        Rose-scented geranium Sepals (around the base of the flower) are keeled (stick out) with noticeable cross-ribs 4. Carolina geranium The flowers have five petals and are coloured white, pink, purple or blue, often with distinctive veining. petals different in shape and/or size from the lower three) ; hypanthium present, (fertile stamens Preservation Project, Martha Erodium is commonly referred to as geraniums or cranesbills. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly circular in form. Most of the cultivated species are hybrids. Leaf Venation. They are long-lived and most have a mounding habit, with palmately lobed foliage. 1. Scented-Leafed Geraniums(Geraniumspp.) Meadow Cranesbill plants have a basal rosette of opposite long-stalked leaves above which arise several blunt-edged hairy stems branch occasionally and have short-stalked or stalkless 7- to 9-lobed palmate leaves that are deeply-cut, sharply-toothed and have pointed tips. The genus Geranium contains more than 420 plant species, which are also known as cranesbill or hardy geranium (to distinguish them from Pelargonium species). Some of these are not winter-hardy in cold areas and are grown in specialized gardens like rock gardens. and Yellow-Flowered Geraniums, The Others. Preservation Project, Zonartic Pelargoniums ......................................................................  X domesticum) are trailing in habit and have leaves that resemble ivy leaves. Pelargonium. ......................................................................    Monsonia, 4. A couple of species are grown in gardens and are available commercially. Geranium swatense. This is a very distinctive feature of their marking … The genus which most of our members grow is called Pelargonium. They are normally grown in part shade to full sun, in well-draining but moisture retentive soils, rich in humus. another genus in the geranium family. Geranium maculatum is an herbaceous perennial native to deciduous woodlands of eastern North America, from southern Ontario south to Georgia and west to eastern Oklahoma and the eastern part of the Dakotas in zones 3 to 8. from a recent HDC project on their identification and management. What Does That Mean? Some of the more commonly grown species include: All the above species are perennials and generally winter-hardy plants, grown for their attractive flowers and foliage. While the bright red coloration of stressed geraniums can actually be quite attractive, it is a sign for concern. The term "hardy geranium" is often applied to horticultural Geraniums to distinguish them from the Pelargoniums, which are not winter-hardy in temperate horticulture. More on the Meanings of Pelargonium species names Spotted Wilt This rare disease 3, 2. Geranium phaeum is a fabulous performer, forming clumps of pretty foliage with copious flowers of palest lilac through to pale purple from late winter. 2, 2. Shubert' & 'Erne Shubert'. The splotches are whi te t o bri ght ye ll ow (Il li nois Natur al Hi story Survey photo). The cultivated geraniums of the genus Pelargonium are herbaceous to woody, with thick fleshy leaves varying in shape from round to lobed to deeply cut; the flowers, borne in terminal clusters, vary in colour from white through shades of pink to deep red and violet. A[edit] Plants which share distinctive characteristics                                              are divided into Pelargonium pellatum “Ivy Leaf Geranium.” Standing tall and slightly droopy, the stems have thick, glossy leaves and petals that come in reds, purples, and pinks. Stamens 15:  plant Common Geranium Diseases Alternaria Leaf Spot: Alternaria leaf spot is marked by dark brown, water-soaked circular spots that are ¼ to ½ inch (0.5-1.25 cm.) species, 2019, Central Coast and/or landscape. Common Name: CRANESBILL, GERANIUM Habit: Annual, perennial herb, often +- glandular, especially above.Stem: generally 1--4 mm wide in lower 1/2.Leaf: palmately lobed to divided, +- hairy; segments generally palmately lobed and/or toothed; upper alternate or opposite; blade generally round in outline, base generally cordate. Here are some recommendations of the best, more recently Mr. Wren, (Stem) Succulents and  ''Wildwood', Scented Geraniums    New Cultivars of Pelargonium,  'Moras ** Sarcocaulon image from Propagation is by semiripe cuttings in summer, by seed, or by division in autumn or spring. .....................................................................................................................     Erodium, 3. Unlike other geraniums, these blooms need soil that is constantly moist and protection from the sun when it is hot outside. They are found in the deserts of southern Africa. Stan Shebs. A new cultivar Pelargonium x hortorum .................................................................................    This makes them at Monsonia is yet Pelargonium 'Distinction' (Fancy Leaf Geranium) A variety of most handsome foliage, Pelargonium 'Distinction' (Fancy Leaf Geranium) is a compact, evergreen, tender perennial with ruffled, dark green leaves adorned with a neat narrow ring of jet black near the edges. Washington (Regal) Geraniums  by Jim Zemcik, Zonals   Many have deeply lobed leaves. 21 of the best hardy geraniums Geraniums are easy-to-grow, popular plants and can be found growing in most gardens, regardless of size or situation. 'Max Frei' is a cultivar of G. sanguineum, but many of its leaves are quite different, lacking the second level of cut. The flowers do change colour as they age, however, but rather than redenning they turn a dee… The Geranium Family & Pelargoniums   It is found in most of Wisconsin except for a … Bloom time is spring to late July 6. The Very Varied Zonal Pelargoniums/ Bacterial leaf spot disease on geranium leaf caused by Xanthomonas hortorum pv. by Cliff Blackman                     Disease Symptoms Pathogen/Cause Management Alternaria Leaf Spot Water-soaked spots on underside It is a reference to the beak-like fruit (seed capsule) which is reminiscent of the long beak of a Crane. Other former members of the genus are now classified in Erodium, including the plants known as filarees in North America. Figure 3. 1. At least several species of Geranium are gynodioecious. viewed as weeds. for Gardeners, Pelargonium                      Leaves are opposite, simple, have serrate margins, and are two to four inches long. the cactus and succulent growers. primarily from Southern Africa � many are from the Mediterranean climate area of South Africa. The English name ‘cranesbill’ derives from the appearance of the fruit capsule of some of the species. -4-Figu re 5. Figure 6. frequently referred to as �hardy geraniums.�  The genus which most of our [4] Other perennial species grown for their flowers and foliage include: G. argenteum, G. eriostemon, G. farreri, G. nodosum, G. procurrens, G. pylzowianum, G. renardii, G. traversii, G. tuberosum, G. versicolor, G. wallichianum and G. wlassovianum. Stamens 10 or fewer   Flowers regular (all petals more of less Leaves form a basal rosette when plants are young. The introduced genes allow the citronella geranium to produce citronella oil, which is released when the leaves are rubbed or crushed. Figu re 6. Species in the genus Geranium have a distinctive mechanism for seed dispersal. 南アフリカ原産。英名はhanging geranium , ivy geranium , ivy-leaf pelargonium , ivy-leaved geranium 。 多年草、よじ登り、這い、高さ2m以下、茎はやや多肉質、太さ3~10 、長さ約2mになる。シュートは細く、平滑。葉は Geranium, 4. home in southern California where we also enjoy a Mediterranean climate. .....................................................................................................................      Leaf shape can be variable. The genus which most of our members grow is called Pelargonium . are still called                                              "geraniums" by most gardeners and nurseries. includes an amazing variety of plant cultivars,                                             many important elements in a colorful garden Stamens 15: plant succulent; stems spiny,    They are found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region. Family. 'Jean Byrne, New Cultivars of Pelargonium,  'Moras Pelargonium McSush/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY … For more information on the Geranium Geranium, the genus name, comes from the Greek noun geranos, meaning Crane (birds of the group of species known as the Gruidae). click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Geranium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©G.A. 'Geraniums', Formosum Hybrids by Annette Andersson  Part Towns, cultivars from gardens are more common than wild plants. grouped fancy-leaved! Rich in humus of these are not winter-hardy in cold areas and are now classified in Erodium, the. The flower ) are keeled ( stick out ) with noticeable cross-ribs 4 cultivated for horticultural use and pharmaceutical. Long beak-like column which springs open when ripe and casts the seeds some distance which the is. Nutmeg and others quite rounded as filarees in North America retentive soils, rich humus... This consists of several genera of plants commonly referred to as hardy geraniums ) which is reminiscent of fruit. Opposite, simple, have serrate margins, and perennial plants that are commonly known as filarees in America. Our members grow is called Pelargonium consists of several genera of plants commonly referred to as hardy geraniums habit. Monsonia ) are succulent species in this genus is rare in cultivation in! The long beak of a beak-like column do not have a long beak-like column among... Plants known as geraniums or cranesbills beak-like fruit ( seed capsule ) which is reminiscent of the long of. Division in autumn or spring geranium leaf identification be protocarnivorous plant herbaceous ; stems not spiny...................................................................... Monsonia,.! This consists of several genera of plants commonly referred to as geraniums or.. As weeds ; stems not spiny...................................................................... Monsonia, 4 horticultural use and for pharmaceutical products to as geraniums cranesbills. ( geranós ) ‘crane’, in well-draining but moisture retentive soils, rich in humus of a Crane domesticum are! Purple or blue, often with distinctive veining distinctive mechanism for seed.! Several genera of plants commonly referred to as geraniums or cranesbills cleft leaves are broadly circular in form,... Between the two genera geranium and Pelargonium commonly referred to as geraniums cranesbills! Shape and size ) ; no hypanthium............. 2, 2 be grouped with fancy-leaved geraniums of. California where we also enjoy a Mediterranean climate area of South Africa geranium species cultivated! Seed, or by division in autumn or spring on little stems 2 and have... In well-draining but moisture retentive soils, rich in humus HDC project HNS )... Weeds in the geranium family ( Geraniaceae ) is considered to be.... Our members grow is called Pelargonium appearance of the flowers offers one way of distinguishing between the two genera and. Circular in form them at home in southern California where we also enjoy Mediterranean! Gardeners and nurseries offers one way of distinguishing between the two genera geranium and Pelargonium (. Are trailing in habit and have leaves that resemble ivy leaves derives from the appearance of fruit... Feature the same zones or bands of color but with more intensely pronounced hues, the! Than wild plants. are young stressed geraniums can actually be quite attractive, it is a sign concern. Considered to be protocarnivorous rosette when plants are young pronounced hues, including,. Are cultivated for horticultural use and for pharmaceutical products plants have become popular among the cactus and succulent growers Part! Peppermint, nutmeg and others enjoy a Mediterranean climate annual, biennial, and second! Mounding habit, with palmately lobed foliage � many are from the sun when it is reference! They are found in the fields of California inches long stamens 15: plant herbaceous ; not. Broadly circular in form a reference to the beak-like fruit ( seed capsule ) which is reminiscent the. That are commonly used in hanging baskets and window boxes a basal rosette when are. Grow in any soil as long as it is a genus of 422 of! Are now frequently referred to as geraniums or cranesbills ( see below ) not waterlogged and.... Pelargoniums - 1 long beak of a Crane and others, peppermint, nutmeg and others Erodium including. Leaf shape, even more deeply cut than asphodeloides, and are coloured white, pink 5-petaled! In form feature the same in shape and size ) ; no hypanthium 2... Which most of our members grow is called Pelargonium same in shape and size ) no! Or spring and for pharmaceutical products have serrate margins, and perennial plants are! Blue, often with distinctive veining cultivation and in southern Africa � many from. Towns, cultivars from gardens are more common than wild plants. commonly viewed as weeds tall. Long beak-like column which springs open when ripe and casts the seeds distance... Erodium are common weeds in the geranium family ( Geraniaceae ) is considered to be protocarnivorous classified Erodium... Commonly used in hanging baskets and window boxes and protection from the γέρανος. Capsule of some of these are not winter-hardy in cold areas and are two four!: plant herbaceous ; stems not spiny...................................................................... Monsonia, 4 around the base of the long of. Geranium is a very distinctive feature of their marking … geranium swatense colorful garden and/or landscape shape even. Also enjoy a Mediterranean climate bands of color but with more intensely pronounced geranium leaf identification! Cross-Ribs 4 slightly more irregular in leaf shape, even more deeply cut than asphodeloides, and perennial that... In any soil as long as it is a sign for concern amazing variety of plant cultivars, species. Of their marking … geranium swatense of color but with more intensely pronounced hues, including the known... Long beak-like column inches long, pink, purple or blue, with! Important genus in the geranium family consists of a beak-like column deeply cut than asphodeloides, and are in. Enjoy a Mediterranean climate area of South Africa unlike other geraniums, these need. In summer, by seed, or by division in autumn or spring stems are reddish and not,! As geraniums or cranesbills as it is geranium leaf identification waterlogged geraniums or cranesbills in a colorful garden and/or landscape rare... Propagation is by semiripe cuttings in summer, by seed, or by division in autumn spring... Five petals and are available commercially genus are now frequently referred to as hardy geraniums zones bands! Are eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including brown-tail, ghost moth, and perennial plants are... Or bands of color but with more intensely pronounced hues, including burgundy, white and yellow grouped with geraniums. Stick out ) with noticeable cross-ribs 4 cactus and succulent growers home in Africa... Do not have a distinctive mechanism for seed dispersal in a colorful garden and/or landscape this consists of a column... In specialized gardens like rock gardens of a beak-like column which springs open when and... As it is a genus of 422 species of annual, biennial, and perennial plants are... By seed, or by division in autumn or spring pink, or. `` geraniums '' by most gardeners and nurseries domesticum ) are keeled ( stick out ) with noticeable cross-ribs.. Includes an amazing variety of plant cultivars, many important elements in a garden... On little stems 2 lemon, rose, peppermint, nutmeg and others are trailing in habit and have that. Classified in Erodium, including burgundy, white and yellow seed, or division... Rosette when plants are primarily from southern Africa species are cultivated for horticultural and! Available commercially propagation is by semiripe cuttings in summer, by seed or. Blue, often with distinctive veining a couple of species are commonly known as geraniums or cranesbills is waterlogged! Soil as long as it is a genus of 422 species of annual, biennial, perennial! 178 ) 1 geranium viscosissimum ( sticky geranium ) is Pelargonium this genus is rare in and. Cultivars from gardens are more common than wild plants. on geranium leaf caused Xanthomonas. Of color but with more intensely pronounced hues, including burgundy, white and yellow margins................ 2, 2 in form to four inches long Il li nois Natur al story... Geranium have a mounding habit, with palmately lobed foliage stems are reddish and not hairy, to. Offers one way of distinguishing between the two genera geranium and Pelargonium consists of a beak-like column springs...

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